ILCI of Todi (Pg-Italy)



Detail of the fresco depicting Umbria fregion rom the Gallery of Maps located in the Vatican

Painted between 1580 and 1583 on the basis of drafts painted by the perugian
Ignazio Danti, one of the greatest geographers of the time, requested by Pope Gregory XIII

-Vatican Museums Photo


©Musei Vaticani



 see historical traces found in the municipal archives of Todi (edited by F. Orsini)




The most documented historical period is undoubtedly the medieval one.
The village, despite some badly corrected interventions, preserves the medieval structure and
atmosphere, such as the voltans and some very suggestive alleys.



on the left "Il Voltone"

In 1310 the Guelphs of Perugia "put their lodgings there and fortified the village" in the battle against the Ghibellines of Todi, near Montemolino where the Duke of Spoleto and other nobles died. In 1311, the Ghibellines of Todi besieged the castle and entered it bringing death and damage (as written in some "Documenti tratti dall'archivo segreto del Comune di Todi" 'secret documents of the archives of Todi')
About a century later, in 1444, Ilci was attacked again by the ghibelline Niccolò Piccinino and burned down.


N. Piccinino - PORTRAIT   


The eagle (the emblem of Todi) above "the voltone"

Having been almost completely destroyed, it obtained a ten-year immunity in order to be rebuilt. Subsequently, it was for a long time a fief of the noble Oddi family.

Arms ODDI Fam.

In 1620 Paolo degli Oddi obtained the possibility of building a lintel over the main door which, had already the effigy of the eagle, the emblem of Todi, (approved by the municipal resolution of 1573) and where it still stands today.


Map of Ilci from the Gregorian land registry *

It is the first cadastre of the entire Papal State, promoted by Pio VII in 1816 and activated by Gregory XVI in 1835. It was carried out by the Censo's General Presidency, according to the procedures already adopted during the former Kingdom of Italy by the Napoleonic register in the Legations (Bologna and the Romagne) and in the Marche Region. A copy was kept at the Cancellerie del Censo. It includes three related series: the maps (1: 2000), the small scale mappettes (1: 4000 or 1: 8000), the owners' registers (brogliardi or sommarioni). The copy kept at the State Archives of Rome is, more complete, original and less deteriorated than the one kept in the local area, which has often been altered over the years. The cartography offers the most complete picture available on the territorial and urban layout of the papal province.


Immages by Andrea Ceccarini