ILCI di Todi (Pg-Italy)

Myth and Legend. 


This territory was inhabited even in prehistoric times, as evidenced by the findings that the farmers made by plowing the fields and reviving what they called "saette", imagining them as residues of lightning, but which were instead, "amigdale" **** of chipped stones used in the stone age.
The Abbot of Ripabianca ANDREA GIOVANNELLI *, in 1700, realized the importance of these finds and, since there was not yet a museum in Todi, he gave them to Giovan Battista Passeri di Pesaro to be kept in that museum where they are still located.
From the Roman era the town maintains the essential structure with the CARDO and the DECUMANO **, even if the negligence of time and men has dispersed the significant testimonies of which remains only legend as the temple of the DEA BONA and in particular of a temple dedicated to FAUNO, God of the woods.
In this regard, writes G.B. Alvi in ​​his Dictionary, "It was conjectured that this place was superstitious, since, being under the tree, a tree consecrated to the Fauns, there was a temple in honor of Faunus, where wishes and wishes were made".

*** Magic place:
(See the "Macchia di Boccone" where, it was imagined, the witches would meet and where the "sabba" took place).


* Andrea Giovannelli

February 13, 1696 was born in Ripabianca from an illustrious family Andrea Giovannelli, an important figure of scholar and archaeologist.
He was, first, a master of human letters at Ripabianca and, later, at Todi and Rome as librarian of Filippo Antonio Gualterio (1660-1728), in 1708 archbishop of Todi. In Todi between 1716 and 1717 he met and became a good friend of the Pesaro-born scholar Gianbattista Passeri (1694-1780).
Until 1748 he collected, in a manuscript, news on archaeological excavations, studies on antiquities in general and fortuitous finds occurred in the Todino territory.
Divided into seven volumes by Gianbattista Passeri who has added an introduction to it, the Diario Todino, overo Report of the discovery of several antiquities followed in the city of Todi and its territory, and in nearby and neighboring places of Andrea Giovannelli, is preserved in the Oliveriana Library of Pesaro.

** ** Cardo and decumano constituted the two fundamental lines of centuriation, intersecting at right angles. The decumanus is originally drawn from east to west, generally in the axis of the length of the portion of territory established; the thistle crosses it from south to north. The secondary lines (limites), parallel to thistle and decumanus, form the centuries. Cardo and decumano are also the main streets of the Roman cities and encampments.

**** Amigdale:
In archeology it is referred to as amygdala or bifacciale, a stone shaped like an almond, chipped and worked to make it sharp, which is found among the artifacts of human origin in protohistoric housing sites.


Images by Andrea Ceccarini